The article deals with the problem of improving management of projects and programs in the public sector. The role of public organizations in forming and developing this discipline of management is discussed. On the basis of published international research data the main reasons, that may hinder successful achievement of implementation purposes of the government projects and programs, are provided. The article describes the measures aimed, according to the US experts, at providing control of the costs rising and reduction of unnecessary tasks duplication in the public sector. Among them — centralization of efforts aimed at improving management of public projects and programs, involvement of their managers in planning and elaborating management solutions, promotion of the program manager’s professional prestige and specification of his career trajectory in government organizations, greater attention to training and formation of program managers, definition of requirements to certification of appropriate specialists, creating professional community of projects and programs managers within the government. The paper presents legislative initiatives, introduced in the US Congress in order to increase responsibility for programs management at the federal level. In the final part of the article some conclusions and recommendations are given, that may be useful in the national practice of managing government projects and programs, based on the accumulated international experience.
Author page: Alexander Dagaev
Today the problems of efficient innovation development are in the spotlight of government bodies. Obviously, only in this way it is possible to succeed in improving the national economy competitiveness in the medium and especially in the long term. This understanding was formed as a result of evaluating the existing resource constraints, consequences and prospects of wide spread of information and computer technologies, biotechnology, alternative energy sources, automation of production processes and so on. It has become even more prominent on the background of the global financial crisis, hardly predictable high volatility in commodity markets and environmental problems aggravation caused by the use of technologies hostile to environment.
The International Monetary Fund statistics for 12 eurozone countries is analyzed in order to assess the degree of changes synchrony under the crisis influence of such macroeconomic indicators as GDP growth, public debt, inflation level, unemployment and the current account operations. To quantify the observed changes, the values of Kendall concordance coefficient are calculated in equal intervals of time before and after the crisis beginning. Comparison with similar indices changes in groups of countries at a lower level of financial integration was accomplished. On the basis of received results the author discusses hypothesis about the origin of evident systemic economic turbulence in the eurozone under the crisis influence, which led to financial integration level decrease.