Ideological and theoretical justification of violence and its extreme form — the war — has a solid philosophical and political base. Nevertheless, this question becomes especially acute nowadays. Not least due to the fact that a substantial segment of the confrontation is shifting into the sphere of ideological and political warfare — war of meanings aimed at suppressing the enemy’s will to resist. Wars of the so-called fourth generation are asymmetric and hybrid ones, wars of “everybody against everyone”, in conditions of losing monopoly on violence by state institutions and increasing the power of non-state and mixed (public-private) paramilitary systems will require re-interpretation of the concepts of justice and war sacredness.
Author page: Pavel Shashkin
The article deals with modern military conflicts, as well as characteristics and peculiar features of strategic offensive culture. This culture always presupposes the existence of struggle elite, a single civil-military corporation capable of spiritual strategic goal setting and as a result — relying on the unity of the state and non-state national security systems, on a single complex — “total forces” — which combines public and private forces ensuring security policy, NPOs that directly interact with them, political parties and movements, religious institutions, mass media and business structures. Public-private paramilitary units of a new type, meeting the requirements of conducting asymmetric and hybrid wars, gradually become the core of this complex.
March 29, 2011 in the Sergievsky Hall of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, enlarged meeting of the Club of Orthodox entrepreneurs took place in the format of public hearings on key strategic issues of the country’s development, problems of social policy, childhood protection, formation of fair and conscientious financial system.
Today the success of modernization in many respects depends not only on achieving social cohesion around core values of development, but also on the forced solution of the two key challenges: ensuring the growth of productive forces and completing the construction of the political system, capable to guarantee that growth.