Introduction of sanctions, contrary to the statements of Russian politicians, has an impact on the Russian economy, and the impact is quite negative. The crisis in the Russian economy is confirmed by macro-indicators. Despite this, distortion of statistical data allows to demonstrate the illusion of economic growth, although it is seen only in certain sectors of economy. Real incomes of the population have also decreased and continue to fall down. The article proposes a number of strategic measures that will allow to minimize the damage caused by the imposed sanctions and even partially to benefit from them for the Russian economy.
The article describes technical and economic issues of providing defense potential in the aerospace sector under in conditions of increasing military and technological challenges and threats and implementing the strategy of import substitution. The paper presents analysis of the information-technological problems of development of domestic military-industrial complex enterprises — developers of aerospace defense systems, it identifies reserves for increasing their efficiency through introducing integrated information systems. On the example of “VNIIRT” JSC the paper presents prospects for implementing the lean manufacturing concept on the basis of product lifecycle management technology. It gives comparative characteristics of cooperation business models in the defense industry both in foreign countries and in Russia. The article identifies technological and organizational-economic factors of developing cooperation of the final integrators, sub-integrators and components suppliers in the military products manufacturing. It sets out system-forming elements of a risk-oriented approach to forming co-operation in the defense-industrial complex. The authors propose a mathematical model of risk indicator for the company-finalist when choosing the composition of enterprises participating in cooperation, based on aggregation of private indicators of scientific and technical, industrial and technological, financial and economic risks. They formulate long-term objectives for the proposed approach implementation with application of neural network technology.
Scientific and technical potential, formed under the state armaments program for the period up to 2015-2020 years, allowed to complete successfully in 2010-2013 the state tests of new electronic warfare (EW) equipment samples, recognized as the best in the world. Relevance of using special purpose aircraft and electronic warfare facilities in order to ensure the safety of Russian bombers flights and to prevent tragedies similar to recent one at the Syrian-Turkish border, is obvious. Military experts believe that the objective control means will help for certain to establish how and where the Russian bomber was shot down in order to eliminate all discrepancies in the matter. In his interview to the special columnist of the “ES” magazine Larisa Polkovnikova Viktor N. Grib, the general director of the Kaluga Research Institute of Radio Engineering (KNIRTI) told about the prospects and peculiarities of development of this MIC segment in JSC “KNIRTI”, one of the leading enterprises engaged in creating EW facilities.
Building a configuration of transboundary EAEU manufacturing technological complex, beneficial for member countries, including import-substituting production and sales structures, makes possible the gradual replacement of foreign suppliers by Russian (allied) producers. With the help of distributed-integrated information management system it is possible to “joint” the interests of various economic agents on the basis of heterogeneous system components (including business entities and physical objects) of the common EAEU economic space.
On November 18, 2014 in the “Davos” hall of the “Red Hills” hotel the Intensive Special Course for staff reserve of defense enterprises’ managers entitled “Strategic management” was inaugurated. Organizers and developers of the special course are: Collegium of the Military-Industrial Commission under the Government of the Russian Federation, the “Analytics” Association, the RAS Institute for Economic Strategies. At the opening ceremony the Deputy Chairman of the Collegium of the RF Military-Industrial Commission Oleg Bochkarev addressed the audience, representatives of major defense enterprises. The main topics of conversation were the issues of defense industry development, the state defense order and HR policy in the industry.