Authors propose a new idea of the economic theory construction as a more systematic and reasonable. The authors divide the economics into five levels: nanoeconomics, microeconomics, mezoeconomics, macroeconomics and megaeconomics. Nanoeconomics is considered as economics of intellectual capital, intellectual property and innovations. Nanoeconomics is the systemic basis for all other economics, ensuing from it by meaning and substance. In the article there is noted the increasing significance of legal factor in modern economic theory and practice and, in particular, the IP law importance.
Today the problems of efficient innovation development are in the spotlight of government bodies. Obviously, only in this way it is possible to succeed in improving the national economy competitiveness in the medium and especially in the long term. This understanding was formed as a result of evaluating the existing resource constraints, consequences and prospects of wide spread of information and computer technologies, biotechnology, alternative energy sources, automation of production processes and so on. It has become even more prominent on the background of the global financial crisis, hardly predictable high volatility in commodity markets and environmental problems aggravation caused by the use of technologies hostile to environment.
The paper investigated the current state of innovation system in France. By the example of the Higher School of Engineering École Polytechnique it considers formation of technology transfer center as a link between university innovation activity and entrepreneurial activity of major national corporations in France. The article examines principles of interaction between the major players of the university innovation system and their role in supporting small innovative companies formed as a result of the university innovative activity.
The article deals with the current state of innovation system in Israel. The article presents approaches of the Israeli innovation system major players to the issue of technology transfer and innovation support. The paper considers the Israeli government policy aimed at the innovations commercialization support by the example of the Weizmann Institute.
The value of patent information for innovation activity is well known: the invention is not born in an information vacuum and represents a step from the achieved level of technology. This step can be huge, and more modest in its significance, but both, being implemented, generate innovation.