Authors propose a new idea of the economic theory construction as a more systematic and reasonable. The authors divide the economics into five levels: nanoeconomics, microeconomics, mezoeconomics, macroeconomics and megaeconomics. Nanoeconomics is considered as economics of intellectual capital, intellectual property and innovations. Nanoeconomics is the systemic basis for all other economics, ensuing from it by meaning and substance. In the article there is noted the increasing significance of legal factor in modern economic theory and practice and, in particular, the IP law importance.
The purpose of the article is to justify theoretically the possibility of achieving the maximum social efficiency of public spending, investment and taxes in perfect balanced open economic system. Ideally, the proposed model ( “zero losses” of public spending and investment social efficiency) can always lead to the maximum possible rate of economic growth, which allows to substantiate the main directions of the appropriate macroeconomic (financial, tax and fiscal) policy.
This paper describes the concept of closed administrative-territorial formations (CATF) development. Solution of the problems described in the article the author sees in the system approach, including general organizational issues regarding CATF both in legal and economic aspects, as well as technological planning, viewed in the format of the innovation system. It is proposed to form a basis for the innovative economy construction in the format of the state strategic planning of the nuclear industry with active use of industrial sites throughout the whole CATF system.
In my opinion, the market overcomes the state because they put an equals sign between business and economy. Business exists within the economy, but not equals to it. And only the state responsible for the economy and for the fates of people, as opposed to business, responsible only for the fate of profits, is capable to represent the interests of society as a whole.