The paper examines the condition, problems and prospects of development of Russian pharmaceutical industry. The majority of medicines (82%) produced in Russia are generics. The share of innovative drugs is small — only 18%. The Ministry of health of the Russian Federation plans by the year 2025 to improve this ratio to 35:65. Therefore, the main challenge facing the pharmaceutical industry lies in the active development of innovative medicines and development of the technology of their production. The article studies three major industry issues and solutions to them: shortage of domestic pharmaceutical substances, lack of qualified specialists with modern skills and lack of development of medical products’ domestic production. The article shows that thanks to the timely adoption of the state development strategy “Pharma-2020” (2009) and the Federal target program “Development of pharmaceutical and medical industry for 2013–2020” and their practical implementation, the above-mentioned problems are being successfully resolved. The main conclusion of this paper is that the expansion and technological modernization of the domestic pharmaceutical industry and medical devices’ production is a task of utmost national importance. The contribution of the industry to national GDP today is 1%. However, the potential of the industry is that its share in GDP could grow to 3-5% in the next 10-15 years. In addition, the industry plays an extremely important role in solving social and demographic problems, as well as improving the quality of human capital.
In the article the author addresses the problem of assessing effectiveness of innovation strategies of socially responsible businesses and provides an overview of the most promising and relevant approaches to evaluation. In the author’s field of view there are such approaches as evaluation of stock exchange indices, the status of socially responsible projects in business organizations, non-financial reporting, introduction of KPI indicators in implementation of innovative strategies, monitoring, rational and ethical approaches, as well as the evaluation methods described in the manual by G.F. Ostapenko “Corporate Social Responsibility” and in the article by O.А. Leshchenko “Modern methods of assessing effectiveness of companies activities in the CSR field”.
From the perspective of modern physics, the article aims to describe the economic agent meeting the criteria of homo economicus today and to assess the possibility of creating an economic model with the features of this agent in mind.
The article dwells on some budgeting processes in the industrial enterprise and the degree of participation of thematic units in this procedure, as well as makes a review of available software tools in terms of their functionality. The problematic issues of using existing software for preparing budgets are determined and indicative sections of the interface are presented.
The creation of fertile innovative ecological environment in the country is constrained by barriers of a conceptual nature. The article identifies four groups of such barriers. The authors propose a strategy for overcoming them based on a comparison of functions necessary for the innovative development of social practices and the natural mechanisms of a new life birth. This allows us to formulate a number of pragmatic recommendations for creating an innovative eco-environment for a wide range of industries. By analogy with natural dynamics of obstetrics, the approach is called placental.
Based on the analysis of the main performance indicators of the Russian agro-industrial complex (AIC) in 2016, the authors of the article conclude that the main driver of positive changes in the agro-industrial complex of Russia in recent years are mainly political decisions, and not institutional changes in the agro-industrial complex itself. It is noted that agrarian companies of Russia are evidently missing “capable management”, despite the presence of “very high level of formal education” among agrarian employees, which in turn determines the lack of receptivity in agrarian organizations for innovations, primarily in the sphere of agricultural management. The authors pay attention to the need to increase the “abilities” level of corporate agrarian management by creating in Russia a training system for namely “capable managers” and through forming a forward-looking Russian business culture in educational and agrarian organizations.
This article is devoted to analysis the problems of modeling the development of the energy services market in the Republic of Tatarstan, on the basis of the analysis of the bankruptcy of basis enterprises, considered techniques of the following models: two-factor Altman’s model, five-factor Altman’s model, the model of R. Taffler and G. Tisshaw, Lisa’s model. There were made calculations according to financial indicators for each company, and also there were considered the situation in which the energy service company is (whether bankruptcy is facing or not), there were written conclusions about indefinite situation. The concentration and monopolization of the energy service market in RT was analyzed, and also the state regulations of energy service activity were considered.
The article carries out the OTSW-analysis of the rabbit farming, identifies its main competitive advantages and formulates a mission reflecting the strategic idea. At the final stage, the main strategic idea of the industry development is decomposed to the level of strategic priorities, provided by competitive advantages.
This article discusses development of a strategy for banking risks management, aimed at ensuring the economic security of a bank in the current economic conditions. Banks influence functioning of large enterprises, whose successful operation provides the country’s economic security.
Modern foreign policy and external economic situation raise the need for forming an internal integrated economic system (IES). The basic parts (enterprises) constitute the basis of the IES, and the integral efficiency of the IES functioning largely depends on the methodology of forming the system for their internal management. The article dwells on the factors that influence formation of the internal system of the enterprise management. The authors conclude that the basis for creating an optimal internal management system is the effective resolution of a natural-technological contradiction, which requires classification of enterprises by production-technological feature. This classification allows to establish the optimal ratio and practical forms of implementing the principles of centralism and democracy in the enterprise management. The possibility of realizing the principle of democratic centralism on the basis of organizing internal contractual relations in the form of “horizontal” and “vertical” contracts is considered. The article shows the possible influence of the system of internal contractual relations on the efficiency of the enterprise’s functioning and the cardinal growth of the quality of the goods produced.