The authors of the present article dwell on the main topics and forecasts of the telecommunications industry development that were dominant in 2017 in the world, as well as the situation on the Russian telecommunications market, and draw a conclusion that the situation on the telecommunications market is somewhat similar to the situation on the fronts of the First World war in 1917.
Building digital economy (DE) is a complex task. On this path, a number of directions require qualitative study, the absence of which (in any direction) can nullify all the positive results achieved in solving other issues, such as regulatory controls, staffing, organization and management, technological groundwork, etc. The author dwells only on one of such aspects — building the DE infrastructure.
This article is concerned with decentralized network structures. Emphasis is placed on their matrix, i.e. the system of ideological attitudes, values, myths, behavioral norms, and tacit knowledge that is exemplified by software development techniques in the networks of IT specialists. The knowledge exists at the level of the whole network and is not completely accessible to each individual network member. The advent of digital technology is currently giving a new impetus to the development of decentralized cooperative structures. Of paramount importance are the mechanisms of non-hierarchical behavioral coordination that operate in network structures. Special attention is to be given to psychological techniques that secure the dominance of group-level goals, values and creative processes over the individual behavioral trends of network members. Such techniques that involve subconscious brain modules can be facilitated by regulatory social structures, referred to as social chaperons. Promoting the chaperons’ optimal functioning and enhancing their soft guiding and stimulating influence could be the mission of a novel social institutions including the Committee for Promotion of Network Structures, the Research Institute for Network Structures, state-supported counseling bodies for network developers, and public network associations. These innovative state-level bodies should aim to (i) legalize the status of decentralized cooperative network structures, (ii) optimize their organization and (iii) harmonize their interaction with non-network structures such as centralized hierarchies, including the “President’s vertical” power structure and local bureaucratic structures, as well as quasi-market structures.
Crisis processes in the economy are often presented as consequences of external factors, and not of inefficient state decisions. The authors of the article propose to consider the economy as a complicated multi-factor system, which should be influenced through state economic regulation. The forthcoming digital transformation of economic processes and immersion of all economic entities in the digital space bring both opportunities and threats for the Russian Federation. Digital images of subjects and digital traces of their interactions in the course of economic processes are beginning to acquire value, becoming digital assets. Using a platform approach in the economy at the state level, on the one hand, will ensure digital sovereignty of the country, and on the other hand it will allow to use digital assets as an accurate and operative information base for modeling economic processes that will provide quality and effectiveness of the state regulation.
The article suggests a scenario hypothesis of using geofinans in the format of crypto currency as one of the mechanisms for restructuring the economic space. The paper considers the process of transition from network self-organization to hierarchies with direct inclusion of professional and microterritorial economies, localized through crypto-currencies, into super-large international structures.
The article is devoted to understanding socio-anthropological risks associated with the technological developments of modern civilization. In the conditions of new industrial revolution Industry 4.0, the digital economy, implementation of convergent technologies, immersive networked virtual worlds of the Internet question about the prospects of development of human and society is particularly acute. The authors note the possibility of social evolution through two paths: through the implementation of a global mega-project which is able to consolidate humanity, or through the development of a network of civil society institutions and creative reserves. The article highlights the problems and dangers of the Technological Singularity, when machines, endowed with intelligence, can create a situation that threatens the very existence of mankind. The only way to overcome the Technological Singularity the authors see in the quantum-network form of human intelligence superior artificial intelligence, in finding the quantum-synergistic access to the collective mind of the noosphere.
The article analyzes phenomenon of overall spreading of networks structures in the modern post-industrial society, called the network revolution. Namely network structures based on voluntary co-operation and partnership are becoming the most efficient form of organizing social communities in today’s highly competitive and dynamic social environments. They have advantages over previously prevailing hierarchical structures, as pooling of resources, knowledge and spiritual efforts of people in the network structures provides synergistic effect.
Active development of digital technologies contributes to nascency of new organizational and economic forms of enterprises and associations. However, new business models provide work with limited resources and tasks. The article outlines basic principles of industrial virtual corporations that ensure the use of heterogeneous resources for solving a wide range of dynamically changing business tasks. The authors demonstrate versatility of the proposed model, options and scenarios for its application. Possibility of using the concept of production virtual corporation for traditional companies, possessing many “non-digital” assets, as an innovative form of management is considered.
The increasing role of artificial intelligence, fusion of robotics with industry and business, introduction of “Internet of things” into automated production have resulted in the fourth industrial revolution. The progressive countries have witnessed qualitative changes in life. But Industry 4.0 is only part of a more global process. Today, the Japanese government speaks about the birth of a superintellectual society — Society 5.0. How the new level of digital opportunities is perceived in Japan and in the world — this is covered in the interview to Alexander Ageev by Uemura Noritsugu, Government & External Relation Div. Senior General Manager at Mitsubishi Electric Corporation.
Digital economy has become a key trend in building a modern information society, including e-governments, knowledge management, FinTech, industrialization 4.0, clusters, ecosystems, and the like. It offers new fundamental changes in all disciplines and industries. Today the chaotic creation of separate fragmentary software products of the Internet of Things is growing uncontrollably and avalanche-like. Such software products depending on the performer’s tastes or on the customer’s requirements are written in various ways, with various development tools, with various DBMS, GIS, CAD/CAM and other common software. Traditional cybernetics has outlived itself and is dying. At the conceptual level the IT leaders are exhausted. The article proposes a new paradigm and a network GGG-architecture for implementing the instrumental infrastructure of a collective balanced digital economy.