Lately politicians are talking a lot and political scientists are writing about “tectonic shifts” in the modern world, but they have rather vague ideas about the nature of these shifts. Matrix is an attempt to identify the main factors of the processes, taking place in the world economy, to systematize them, to show the main interconnections and, on this basis — to reveal the causes of “tectonic shifts” and their mechanism. The matrix is based on generalized results of many years of research by the world’s largest scientists who are supporting the idea of cyclical nature of evolutionary development. Conducted by N.D. Kondratiev, J. Schumpeter, J. Arrighi, I. Wallerstein, G. Menshem, S.Y. Glazyev, K. Peres and other authoritative scientists, analysis of the world economic development over the past 250 years makes it possible to predict accurately the future development of the world for the next 30-40 years and to outline the main directions of development until the end of the present century. In their forecasts of the future, many domestic and Western political scientists demonstrate linear thinking, because they do not understand the cyclical nature of any, primarily social, development, defining the “future” from today, rather than exploring century-old trends.
Today, the basic managerial task is to strategize scientific work within the Federal Law № 172-FZ “On strategic planning in the Russian Federation”, including research mapping and schematization, connectivity analysis, resource maneuvering. “Digital Revolution” has created a tool of working with information arrays — BigData, which made it possible to structure scientific research, separating “human” and “inhuman” components. If scientific problem can be solved transferring BigData into DeepData, we should attribute it to scientific surveys (science study). Artificial intelligence today is already solving this type of problems better than a human being. As scientific research (science research) we shall consider creation of something new that has no obvious predecessors. Modern A.I. cannot carry out such work, as it goes beyond the Turing test. It is prerogative of a man, capable to distinguish another from new and important from unimportant. Separately we consider scientific investigation (science investigation): OverSite, search for alternative ways of scientific thinking development and the problem of changing scientific paradigm, post-Baconian cognition. Ranking of science through separating the levels of study, research and investigation is the basis for scientific research scaling, which is an integral part of the mechanism for scientific research strategic management.
The article deals with the problem of improving management of projects and programs in the public sector. The role of public organizations in forming and developing this discipline of management is discussed. On the basis of published international research data the main reasons, that may hinder successful achievement of implementation purposes of the government projects and programs, are provided. The article describes the measures aimed, according to the US experts, at providing control of the costs rising and reduction of unnecessary tasks duplication in the public sector. Among them — centralization of efforts aimed at improving management of public projects and programs, involvement of their managers in planning and elaborating management solutions, promotion of the program manager’s professional prestige and specification of his career trajectory in government organizations, greater attention to training and formation of program managers, definition of requirements to certification of appropriate specialists, creating professional community of projects and programs managers within the government. The paper presents legislative initiatives, introduced in the US Congress in order to increase responsibility for programs management at the federal level. In the final part of the article some conclusions and recommendations are given, that may be useful in the national practice of managing government projects and programs, based on the accumulated international experience.
The world is changing right before our eyes. We’ve reached a transition to the fifth and sixth scientific and technological mode of life, unprecedented before power centers in social networks have appeared, wars have become hybrid, however atrocities on conventional wars have not decreased. Everything has come in motion, world development has reached the point of bifurcation. The author decided to consider the possible path of humanity’s movement, as on this primarily depends whether to be or not to be for Russia.
The author studies the global development scenario up to the XXV century, when the population will reach 50 billion people. He considers the option, when the population is located in areas favorable for living and all manufacturing is transferred into the space. This will allow to minimize radically chemical, biological and thermal load on the planet. For realizing scenario there is a necessity for key technologies that provide space cargo flow, labor globalization technologies, as well as 3D-construction technologies. The article provides a description of these technologies. It is shown that the main obstacle to expansion into space is rocket technology, which is fundamentally unsuitable for providing space cargo traffic at the level of several billion tons a year. The author considers possibilities of promising technology for bringing out goods into space via stratospheric spaceports. Three groups of future technologies, crucial for development of civilization, are being actively developed. Soon they will become mass technologies, providing a solution to major global challenges.