Presentation of specific information in a human brain as a hierarchy of events, dictionaries, images of different occurrence frequencies and of different modalities is a model of the human world, consisting of three components – the individual multimodal right-hemispheric (right-handers) and two socialized left-hemispheric – multimodal and linguistic, which to some extent are (all) isomorphic to each other. Perhaps, a person’s mentality is determined by his model of the world. Maybe, comparing the world models (their linguistic components) of individuals it will be possible to understand the degree of their mentality closeness. Therefore, we can try to interpret the mentality of the texts’ authors on the basis of their texts. Comparing texts of the members of different “network” communities (closeness inside, difference between them), we’ll be possibly able to find out the principles of people’s unification in these communities.
The paper proposes an approach that gives a scientific character to the concept of network-centric management, and considered systemic paradigms allow to consider it as an engineering construction. It proposes the concept and management contour models of the first and the second kind, revealing communities’ management mechanisms and processes of their self-organization. They represent not only new opportunities, but also unfamiliar threats. Only basic knowledge of socio-engineering will help to build a security system, to ensure the survival and development of society. However, given any methodological complexity the human factor plays a decisive role. Management of complex systems requires self-dependence, intelligence coordination and real time actions, the synergy of knowledge, intuition and participants’ sagacity as well as harmonious interaction with the environment, including society.
Network nonhierarchical structures have sufficiently significant potential in business, where they correspond to strategic alliances between firms, inter-firm networks of its autonomous departments, as well as to small network companies, the typical example of which is represented by manufacturing cooperatives. Not less prospects characterize decentralized networks in the political sphere, where we see such important examples as inter-state network alliances, cross-border and global network organizations and movements, advisory commissions and committees under the state apparatus structures and especially network structures being part of the largely non-hierarchical civil society, expressing the citizens’ will and interests in their dialogue with the political system’s hierarchy. On the basis of presented facts the author makes a conclusion that networks in economy contribute to implement the principles of self-managed socialism, and in political sphere – to implement the principles of new type meritocracy, which will be supported by civil society network structures.
The article considers classification of conflict of a new type, their relationship with society and globalization processes. It demonstrates interrelation of postmodern culture with protest movements, the role of communication technologies and the emergence of a new field of confrontation — cyberspace. The paper dwells on criteria of the network society and network conflicts and p ossible tools for their analysis.
It is shown that the current economic crisis, since its beginning in 2008, demonstrated a powerful influence on the economy both of a poorly regulated technologies of resource allocation (monopolistic, financial) and strong market operators (big capital). This influence resulted in draining out resources from the real economy into big capital and causing barriers for development of the real sector business. This impact of unregulated market technologies and strong operators, which became evident about half a century ago and became considerable today, the more influences the economy, the greater is the complexity (the less is the possibility) of forecasting and economic management. Downfall of predictability, effectiveness of used “formal” tools, decrease of market controllability by normsinstitutions and of control of the most big social (economic) systems; facts of accumulation of significant economic problems — disbalances, debt problems, crime and corruption; high and increasing social inequality, impoverishment of the main part of the population, increasing number of billionaires; decline in resource and credit opportunities of small and medium-sized businesses particularly in Europe. These and many other circumstances listed in the article, the aggravation of which is largely due to the above cited complexity of management and forecasting, make deep analysis of this complexity extremely relevant today.
The paper discusses influence of psychological factors on various processes in society and taking them into account in various approaches to macroeconomics, practical economics and sociology. In evolutionary economics psychological factors are taken into account through functions of demand and production, reflecting behavioral responses of society members. The mathematical dynamic model of macroeconomics is constructed on this basis. The article considers several scenarios of the society evolution and their consequences. It is shown that both transitions of society from prosperous state to crisis and its return from crisis to the welfare are possible. The conditions for implementing these transitions are described.
The possibility of artificial intelligence was originally associated (von Neumann) with the problem of overcoming some hypothetical complexity threshold. Currently, the formation of a modern complexity paradigm in the context of philosophical ideas of E. Morin , G. Deleuze and F. Guattari , second-order cybernetics of Heinz von Foerster, autopoiesis of F. Varela and F. Maturana, cibersemiotics and recursive logic of “laws of form” by J. Spencer Brown causes the necessity of constructive introducing the concept of complexity observer as a self-organizing ensemble of cognitive agents; the artificial intelligence and artificial consciousness will probably become an emergent product of their interaction.
From the perspective of the network approach a working team is characterized as a local socio-cognitive network included in the overall networking. However, to understand the creative potential of the working team, according to the authors, specifying only localization of network order of social-cultural interactions is not enough. The analysis of creative team work aspects reveals some over-network phenomenon, which the authors called a common creative field.
The author believes that recognition of cognitive functions of social network does not deny the existence of an individual intelligence and does not replace it with a collective one. The article dwells on the definition of intelligence as the ability to be able, which develops throughout the whole life, and it concludes that in the network society development of such capabilities more and more depends on involvement in networking.
Over the past decades, more and more importance in the social and political spheres is acquired by network structures, propagating in different countries and regions of the world and in different spheres of society. In particular, they form the basis of civil society as a “set of civilizational structures and forms, incarnated in … the functions and actions of individuals, social groups, associations, unions”, which are capable in the interests of ordinary citizens to exercise democratic “control … of the state bodies functioning”, that is, of public persons activities. This article focuses on the organizational principles of network structures and exercises biopolitical approach, according to which the structures of human society and biological system are compared. The term “network structures” has at least two different interpretations in the literature, which can be conditionally called its broad and narrow interpretation.