The article dwells on the problem of Russian education in the context of ever-growing threat from Western countries. World educational and scientific spheres with their openness and mutual penetration have long ago become one of the arenas for confrontation between our country and Western civilization. Nationally oriented education system based on traditional values priority, should become an important factor for Russia’s stable development. In the current tense situation the education system, free of Western pressure and imposition of foreign models, together with scientific and engineering potential are an important tool for ensuring national security of Russia. Educational policy should be based on plans of the state strategic development with regard to Russia’s geopolitical situation.